Build a Recipe Action

Before your recipe content is eligible to show up in the Assistant directory, it'll need to be marked up according to this guide.


The following guidelines apply to recipe structured data.

  • Use recipe structured data for content about preparing a particular dish. For example, "facial scrub" or "party ideas" are not valid names for a dish.
  • To enable your recipes to appear in a host-specific list, you must follow these guidelines:
    • Provide ItemList structured data to summarize the recipes for your list. You can provide ItemList structured data separately or together with recipe structured data.
    • Your site must have a summary page that lists all the recipes in the collection. For example, when a user clicks the summary link from Search results, they are properly directed to a page on your site listing the recipes related to their search.

Structured data type definitions

You must include the required properties for your content to be eligible for display as a rich result or other experiences on Google. You can also include the recommended properties to add more information about your content, which could provide a better user experience.


The full definition of ItemList is available at

In addition to Recipe properties, add the following properties for host-specific lists. While ItemList isn't required, you must add the following properties if you want your recipe to be eligible for a host carousel. For more information about host-specific lists, see Carousel.

Required properties


Annotation for a single item page.



Ordinal position of the item page in the list. For example:

"itemListElement": [
    "@type": "ListItem",
    "position": 1,
  }, {
    "@type": "ListItem",
    "position": 2,


The canonical URL of the item page. Every item should have a unique URL.


The full definition of Recipe is available at Mark up your recipe content with the following properties of the Recipe type. In addition to the required properties, mark up as many of the recommended properties as possible to drive better engagement in Search.

To enable your recipe for guidance with the Google Assistant on Google Home and smart displays, make sure you add recipeIngredient and recipeInstructions. If your recipe doesn't have these properties, the recipe isn't eligible for guidance, but may still be eligible to appear in Search results.

Required properties

URL or ImageObject

Image of the completed dish.

Additional image guidelines:

  • Every page must contain at least one image (whether or not you include markup). Google will pick the best image to display in Search results based on the aspect ratio and resolution.
  • Image URLs must be crawlable and indexable.
  • Images must represent the marked up content.
  • Images must be in .jpg, .png, or. gif format.
  • For best results, provide multiple high-resolution images (minimum of 50K pixels when multiplying width and height) with the following aspect ratios: 16x9, 4x3, and 1x1.

For example:

"image": [


The name of the dish.

Recommended properties


Annotation for the average review score assigned to the item. Follow the Review snippet guidelines and list of required and recommended AggregateRating properties.

If the recipe structured data contains a single review, the reviewer’s name must be a valid person or organization. For example, "50% off ingredients" is not a valid name for a reviewer.



Creator of the recipe.



The time it takes to actually cook the dish in ISO 8601 format. You can use min and max as child elements to specify a range of time.

Always use in combination with prepTime.



The date the recipe was published in ISO 8601 format.



A short summary describing the dish.



Other terms for your recipe such as the season (“summer”), the holiday (“Halloween“), or other descriptors (“quick”, “easy”, “authentic”).

Additional guidelines

  • Separate multiple entries in a keywords list with commas.
  • Don't use a tag that should be in recipeCategory or recipeCuisine.

    Not recommended

    "keywords": "dessert, American"


    "keywords": "winter apple pie, nutmeg crust"


The number of calories in each serving.



The length of time it takes to prepare the dish, in ISO 8601 format. You can use min and max as child elements to specify a range of time.

Always use in combination with cookTime.



The type of meal or course your recipe is about. For example: "dinner", "entree", or "dessert, snack".



The region associated with your recipe. For example, "French", Mediterranean", or "American".



An ingredient used in the recipe. This property is recommended for recipes on Google Search, but it's required for guidance with the Google Assistant on Google Home and smart displays.

For example:

"recipeIngredient": [
  "1 (15 ounce) package double crust ready-to-use pie crust",
  "6 cups thinly sliced, peeled apples (6 medium)",
  "3/4 cup sugar",
  "2 tablespoons all-purpose flour",
  "3/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon",
  "1/4 teaspoon salt",
  "1/8 teaspoon ground nutmeg",
  "1 tablespoon lemon juice"

Additional guidelines:

  • Include only the ingredient text that is necessary for making the recipe.
  • Don't include unnecessary information, such as a definition of the ingredient.


The steps to make the dish. This property is recommended for recipes on Google Search, but it's required for guidance with the Google Assistant on Google Home and smart displays.

There are several options for setting the value of recipeInstructions. We recommend using HowToStep or HowToSection:

  • HowToStep: You can specify the exact text for each step sentence by setting the value of each HowToStep. This provides hints to the Google Assistant, but note it may group the recipe steps differently based on the context.
  • HowToSection (only if a recipe has multiple sections): Use to group steps into multiple sections. Provide the section name in its name property (for example, “Make the crust”) and specify each HowToStep as an itemListElement. Set the text property of each HowToStep.

    For example, a pizza recipe may have one section of steps for making the crust, one for preparing the toppings, and one for combining and baking. If you don't indicate multiple sections, the Google Assistant may mistakenly present the section name as just another step (for example, a “Make the crust” step followed by a “Combine the flour and yeast” step).

  • Single or repeated property of text: A block of text that includes one or more steps. Google treats all steps as being in a single section. Repeated property values are concatenated into a single block of text. Google then attempts to automatically split the single block of text into individual steps. Google tries to find and remove any section names, step numbers, keywords, and anything else that can incorrectly appear in recipe step text. For best results, we recommend you unambiguously specify individual step sentences with HowToStep, as described above.

Additional guidelines

  • Don't include metadata that belongs elsewhere. In particular, use the author property to specify the author, recipeCuisine for cuisine, recipeCategory for category, and keywords for other keywords.
  • Include only text on how to make the recipe and don't include other text such as “Directions”, “Watch the video”, “Step 1”. Those phrases should be specified outside of the structured data.

    Not recommended

    "recipeInstructions": [{
      "@type": "HowToStep",
      "text": "Step 1. Heat oven to 425°F."


    "recipeInstructions": [{
      "@type": "HowToStep",
      "text": "Heat oven to 425°F."


The quantity produced by the recipe. For example: number of people served, or number of servings.



The total time it takes to prepare the cook the dish, in ISO 8601 format. You can use min and max as child elements to specify a range of time.

Use totalTime or a combination of both cookTime and prepTime.



An array of video properties that depict the recipe on the page. Follow the list of required and recommended Video properties.

Here's an example:

  "@context": "",
  "@type": "Recipe",
  "video": [
      "name": "Party Coffee Cake",
      "description": "How to make Party Coffee Cake.",
      "thumbnailUrl": [
      "contentUrl": "",
      "embedUrl": "",
      "uploadDate": "2018-02-05T08:00:00+08:00"