Load the Libraries

This page shows how to load the Google Chart libraries.

Basic Library Loading

With few exceptions, all web pages with Google Charts should include the following lines in the <head> of the web page:

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
  google.charts.load('current', {packages: ['corechart']});
  google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);
  ...
</script>

The first line of this example loads the loader itself. You can only load the loader one time no matter how many charts you plan to draw. After loading the loader, you can call the google.charts.load function one or more times to load packages for particular chart types.

The first argument to google.charts.load is the version name or number, as a string. If you specify 'current', this causes the latest official release of Google Charts to be loaded. If you want to try the candidate for the next release, use 'upcoming' instead. In general there will be very little difference between the two, and they'll be completely identical except when a new release is underway. A common reason to use upcoming is that you want to test a new chart type or feature that Google is about to release in the next month or two. (We announce upcoming releases on our forum and recommend that you try them out when announced, to be sure that any changes to your charts are acceptable.)

The example above assumes you want to display a corechart (bar, column, line, area, stepped area, bubble, pie, donut, combo, candlestick, histogram, scatter). If you want a different or additional chart type, substitute or add the appropriate package name for corechart above (e.g., {packages: ['corechart', 'table', 'sankey']}. You can find the package name in the 'Loading' section of the documentation page for each chart.

This example also assumes that you have a JavaScript function named drawChart defined somewhere in your web page. You can name that function whatever you like, but be sure it is globally unique and that it is defined before you reference it in your call to google.charts.setOnLoadCallback.

Note: Previous versions of Google Charts used code that differs from the above to load the libraries. To update your existing charts to use the new code, see Update Library Loader Code.

Here is a complete example of drawing a pie chart using the basic loading technique:

<head>
  <script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
  <script type="text/javascript">
    google.charts.load('current', {packages: ['corechart']});
    google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);

    function drawChart() {
      // Define the chart to be drawn.
      var data = new google.visualization.DataTable();
      data.addColumn('string', 'Element');
      data.addColumn('number', 'Percentage');
      data.addRows([
        ['Nitrogen', 0.78],
        ['Oxygen', 0.21],
        ['Other', 0.01]
      ]);

      // Instantiate and draw the chart.
      var chart = new google.visualization.PieChart(document.getElementById('myPieChart'));
      chart.draw(data, null);
    }
  </script>
</head>
<body>
  <!-- Identify where the chart should be drawn. -->
  <div id="myPieChart"/>
</body>

Loading Details

First you must load the loader itself, which is done in a separate script tag with src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js". This tag can be either in the head or body of the document, or it can be inserted dynamically into the document while it is being loaded or after loading is completed.

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>

After the loader is loaded, you are free to call google.charts.load. Where you call it can be in a script tag in the head or body of the document, and you could call it either while the document is still loading or any time after it has finished loading.

As of version 45, you can call google.charts.load more than one time in order to load additional packages, but if you do so, you must provide the same version number and language setting each time.

Limitations

There are a couple minor but important limitations with how you load Google Charts in versions prior to 45:

  1. You can only call google.charts.load once. But you can list all the packages that you'll need in one call, so there's no need to make separate calls.
  2. You can't autoload the library.
  3. If you're using a ChartWrapper, you must explicitly load all the packages you'll need, rather than relying on the ChartWrapper to automatically load them for you.
  4. For Geochart and Map Chart, you must load both the old library loader and the new library loader.
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.google.com/jsapi"></script>

Load Version Name or Number

The first argument of your google.charts.load call is the version name or number. There are only two special version names at this time, and several frozen versions.

current
This is for the latest official release which changes each time we push out a new release. This version is ideally well tested and bug free, but you may want to specify a particular frozen version instead once you are satisfied it is working.
upcoming
This is for the next release, while it is still being tested and before it becomes the official current release. Please test this version regularly so that you know as soon as possible whether there are any problems that should be addressed before this version becomse the official release.

When we release new versions of Google Charts, some of the changes are big, like entirely new chart types. Other changes are small, like enhancements to the appearance or behavior of existing charts.

Many Google Chart creators fine-tune the look and feel of their charts until it's exactly what they want. Some creators might feel more comfortable knowing that their charts will never change, regardless of what improvements we make in the future. For those users, we support frozen Google Charts.

Frozen chart versions are identified by number, and they're described in our Official Releases. To load a frozen version, replace current or upcoming in your call of google.charts.load with the frozen version number:

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    google.charts.load('43', {packages: ['corechart']});
    google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);
    ...
</script>

We expect that frozen versions will remain available indefinitely, though we may retire frozen versions that have security concerns. We will typically not provide support for frozen versions, except to unhelpfully suggest that you upgrade to a newer version.

Load Settings

The second parameter in your call of google.charts.load is an object for specifying settings. The following properties are supported for settings.

packages
An array of zero or more packages. Each package that is loaded will have the code required to support a set of functionality, typically a type of chart. The package or packages you need to load are listed in the documentation for each type of chart. You can avoid specifying any packages if you use a ChartWrapper to automatically load what will be required.
language
The code for the language or locale that should be to customize text that might be part of the chart. See Locales for more details.
callback
A function that will be called once the packages have been loaded. Alternatively, you can specify this function by calling google.charts.setOnLoadCallback as demonstrated in the example above. See Callback for more details.
  google.charts.load('current', { packages: [ 'corechart'], callback: drawChart });
mapsApiKey
For version 45 and later, this setting lets you specify a key that you may use with Geochart and Map Chart. You may want to do this rather than use the default behavior which may result in occassional throttling of service for your users. Learn how to set up your own key for using the 'Google Maps JavaScript API' service here: Get a Key/Authentication. Your code will look something like this:
  var myMapsApiKey = 'SomeMagicToSetThis';
  google.charts.load('45', { packages: [ 'geochart'], mapsApiKey: myMapsApiKey  });

Locales

Locales are used to customize text for a country or language, affecting the formatting of values such as currencies, dates, and numbers.

By default, the Google Charts is loaded with the "en" locale. You can override this default by explicitly specifying a locale in the loading settings.

To load a chart formatted for a specific locale, use the language setting like so:

  // Load Google Charts for the Japanese locale.
  google.charts.load('current', {'packages':['corechart'], 'language': 'ja'});

Follow this link for a live example.

Callback

Before you can use any of the packages loaded by google.charts.load you have to wait for the loading to finish. It is not enough to just wait for the document to finish loading. Since it can take some time before this loading is finished, you need to register a callback function. There are two ways this can be done. Either specify a callback setting in your google.charts.load call or call setOnLoadCallback passing a function as the argument.

Note that you need to provide a function definition, rather than call the function. The function you provide can be either a named function or an anonymous function. When the packages have finished loading, this callback function will be called with no arguments. The loader will also wait for the document to finish loading before calling the callback.

If you want to draw more than one chart, you can either register more than one callback function, or you can combine them into one function. Learn more about how to Draw Multiple Charts on One Page.

  google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart1);
  google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart2);
  // OR
  google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(
    function() { // Anonymous function that calls drawChart1 and drawChart2
         drawChart1();
         drawChart2();
      });

Update Library Loader Code

Previous versions of Google Charts used different code to load the libraries. The table below shows the old library loader code versus the new.

Old Library Loader Code
<script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.google.com/jsapi"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
  google.load("visualization", "1", {packages:["corechart"]});
  google.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);
</script>
      
New Library Loader Code
<script type="text/javascript" src="https://www.gstatic.com/charts/loader.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
  google.charts.load('current', {packages: ['corechart']});
  google.charts.setOnLoadCallback(drawChart);
</script>
      

To update your existing charts, you can replace the old library loader code with the new code. However, keep in mind the limitations on loading libraries described above.